Many nations saw the appeal of the land that is modern day Jordan. The Romans expanded their empire across the territory before giving way to the Umayyad Empire which controlled the Middle East until 750 CE. Subsequently, various areas of the country were ruled by the Mongols, Crusaders, the Ayyubids, the Mamlukes and the Ottomans. After World War I, Jordan came under the protection of Britain, a mandate which lasted until 1946 when the country became the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, later renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Today Jordan offers political stability, economic certainty and friendly locals who willingly share their Middle Eastern oasis with visitors.
Amman experiences warm summers and cold winters. In August the temperature peaks at around 32 degrees while in January the mercury rises to an average of 12 degrees. On the other hand, summer temperatures at Petra can rise as high as 41 degrees. Many travellers appreciate the mild seasons to explore the country.
Jordan hosts several interesting events including Roman re-enactments at the ancient ruins of Jerash, the Dead Sea Ultra Marathon, a fundraising race from Amman to the Dead Sea and the Jerash Festival, which celebrates music and culture.
There are no direct flights from Australia to Jordan. Airlines transit a third city before landing in the country’s capital, Amman. Airlines that fly from Australia to Amman via a third city include:
The total travel time takes around 19 hours.
Jordan has entry points with Israel, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
There are regular ferry services between Jordan and Egypt.
There are luxury accommodations both in Amman and at the service town for Petra. In the capital, options include the Four Seasons, Grand Hyatt and the InterContinental, while at Petra, the Marriott, the Movenpick Resort and the Crowne Plaza Resort offer appropriate comfort.
To find out more about the range of holiday accommodation available with Travel Associates call 1800 017 849 or enquire online.
Sights to See
A former Roman outpost, Jordan’s capital Amman is a bustling city that’s worth exploring. Check out the Roman Theatre, the Nymphaeum and the Temple of Herakles. The citadel is the other must-see Amman attraction with the National Archaeological Museum housing a collection of antiquities discovered throughout the country.
The big ticket item in Jordan is undeniably Petra, the capital of the Nabataean Kingdom from around sixth century BCE. The Romans absorbed the city into their empire and allowed Petra to continue to thrive until an earthquake devastated the region in 663CE. The Treasury façade is the iconic image revealed at the end of a two kilometre Siq. Enjoy exploring the entire city including the Monastery, the Roman Theatre and the various tombs.
North of Amman, the Roman ruins of Jerash have been incredibly well preserved by the Jordanian climate. Be sure to admire the South Gate, the Colonnade and the Arch of Hadrian. In the Jordan Valley, test the salt levels in the Dead Sea and float to your heart’s content. This is the lowest point on the planet, with nine times the salt concentration than the ocean.
Don't leave home without...
Sunscreen and insect repellent are available through the country, however they may be more expensive than bringing them from Australia. Items left behind in Australia can generally be replaced if needed in Amman, however once on the road, it may be more difficult.
Despite being relatively moderate, Jordan is a Muslim nation that generally follows Islamic traditions. Be considerate during Ramadan and don’t eat in front of locals observing the fast during daylight hours. Dress modestly when visiting religious buildings and remove your shoes when entering a mosque.
Things to be careful of…
Jordan borders Iraq and Israel. While Jordan may be largely stable, the region is prone to hostilities. Before departure, check with the Australian Government’s warnings for the area, to monitor the safety of the region.